Reptiles On The Rocks by William T. Blows

Glossary Of Terms

  • Ankylosauria (Ankylosaurs).....Term given to the heavily armoured dinosaurs that lived in the Cretaceous period.
  • Ankylosed......................Joined together, fused, stiffened.
  • Anterior.......................Towards the front.
  • Articulated (Articular)........Fitted together as in normal life.
  • Arundel........................American geological formation of the Lower Cretaceous period.
  • Bipedal (Bipeds)...............Walking on two hind legs.
  • Bivalves.......................Shell having two halves hinged together.
  • Carnivorous (Carnivores).......Flesh eating animals.
  • Caudal.........................Tail.
  • Centrum (Centre)...............The solid body of a vertebra.
  • Cervical.......................Neck.
  • Chalk..........................Upper Cretaceous limestone deposit.
  • Chevron........................Small bone suspended under the tail.
  • Classification.................Grouping of animals.
  • Condyle........................Rounded end of bone forming a joint.
  • Cretaceous.....................Last period of the Mesozoic Era.
  • Dermal.........................Skin.
  • Digit..........................Finger or toe.
  • Dinosaur.......................Popular term for two groups of extinct reptiles; the word means 'terrible lizard'.
  • Dorsal.........................The back of the creature; dorsal vertebrae support ribs.
  • Entomology.....................Study of insects.
  • Eurasia........................Combined land masses of Europe and Asia.
  • Facets.........................Surfaces on bones (usually vertebrae) used for articulation.
  • Faults.........................Fractures or breaks in rock strata.
  • Fauna..........................Collection of animal life.
  • Femur..........................Thigh bone, between hip and knee.
  • Fibula.........................Collection of plant life.
  • Fossil.........................Petrified remains of ancient life.
  • Gastropods.....................Shells of the snail family.
  • Genera (Genus).................Class of animals having very similar characteristics.
  • Greensands.....................The uppermost portion of the Lower Cretaceous on top of the Weald.
  • Haemal.........................Blood. Haemal arch is a bone supporting blood vessels.
  • Herbivorous (Herbivore)........Plant eating animals.
  • Humerus........................Upper arm bone between shoulder and elbow.
  • Ilium (Iliac)..................Top bone of the pelvis attached to the vertebral column.
  • Ischium........................Rear bone of the pelvis beneath ilium.
  • Jurassic.......................Middle period of the Mesozoic Era.
  • Juxtaposition..................Placed side by side, as in normal anatomy.
  • Lateral........................The side or outer edge.
  • Laurasia.......................Combined land masses of North America, Europe and Asia, which existed as a single continent until about the end of the Cretaceous.
  • Lignite........................Fossil wood.
  • Limestone......................Geological deposits of calcium carbonate.
  • Marl...........................Clay and limestone mixture.
  • Matrix.........................Mass of rock.
  • Mesozoic.......................Major era of Earth history, started 225 million years ago.
  • Metacarpal.....................Hand bone.
  • Metatarsal (Metatarsus)........Bones of the foot.
  • Neural (Neural canal)..........Nerves; bony tube through vertebrae for the spinal nerves.
  • Occipital......................Rear bone of the skull forming some of the base of the brain.
  • Ornithischia...................Bird-hipped dinosaurs.
  • Ornithopoda....................One group of bird-hipped dinosaurs that were bipedal herbivores.
  • Ossicles.......................Small rounded bones developing as armour in the skin of Ankylosaurs.
  • Palaeontology (Palaeontologist)..The study of fossils; a fossil collector.
  • Phalanges (Phalanx)............Toe or finger bone.
  • Posterior......................Towards the rear.
  • Predator.......................Hunting, flesh eating animals.
  • Premaxilla.....................Bone set before the maxilla at the front of the upper jaw.
  • Pubis (Pubic)..................Front lower bone of the pelvis.
  • Quadrupedal (Quadruped)........Animals walking on all four limbs.
  • Sacrum (Sacral)................Section of vertebral column fused to, and set between, the iliums.
  • Sauropod (Sauropodomorpha).....Group of large dinosaurs noted for long necks and and tails with small heads.
  • Scapula........................Shoulder blade.
  • Scute..........................Horny or bony scale in the skin.
  • Shales.........................Fine grain clay deposits.
  • Suborders......................A major grouping in classification.
  • Terrestrial....................Land living animals and plants.
  • Theropoda......................The flesh eating group of dinosaurs.
  • Tibia..........................Shin bone between knee and ankle.
  • Vertebra (e) (Vertebral).......Sections of the spine.
  • Wealden........................Lower Cretaceous deposits of Europe.
This page was last edited on: 4th March, 2015 06:16:21

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