33 High Street, Wootton Bridge

A detailed history of this property

Permission to publish this report has been given by Dr. Mark Patterson of Wolverton Manor; to whom our thanks must go.

Introduction

Historic Buildings Survey
of
No. 33 High Street, Wootton Bridge, Isle of Wight

by
Susan Wrathmell, MA,MCLIP,IHBC
27thMarch 2006


Picture of 33 High Street, Wootton Bridge taken in 1990

Contents

  • 1. Background history: Wootton Bridge [p.3]
  • 2. Description of the building
  • a. The fabric [p.6]
  • b. Architectural style [p.9]
  • c. History [p.11]
  • d. Context and setting: Wootton High Street [p.15]
  • 3. Synopsis [p.17]
  • 4. Appendices
  • a. List description [p.19]
  • b. Deeds
  • c. Notes on the Beckingsale family
  • d. The Fernhill estate
  • e. Maps [p.20]
  • f. Hayden's Cottage conveyance 1921 [p.21]
  • g. Plan 1898/1921 [p.22]
  • h. Sketch plan of ground floor [p.23]
  • i. Isle of Wight Historic Buildings Record no.14359 [p.24]
  • 5. Sources [p.25]
  • 6. Photographs [p.26ff]

Section 1

1. Background history: Wootton Bridge

The settlement is on loam and clay soils over clay and gravel. In 1902 (Kelly) the agriculture of the area focussed on the chief crops of wheat, beans and oats, reflecting the importance of the tide mill for food processing.

The shallow tidal valley was given the name 'Schaldflete' by 1142, meaning 'the shallow creek'.

The medieval parish of Wootton, three miles west of Ryde, was noted in the Domesday Book, 1086, as Odetone. In 1189 and 1204 it was recorded as Wudeton; in 1248 and 1291 as Woditone, and in 1378 as Wotton. The name is from Old English, meaning a wooded faun or settlement.

Wootton was part of the Corr Abbey estate at the time of the Dissolution of the monasteries in the early sixteenth century. Documents of the mid sixteenth-century record the existence of a harbour here, in the names Wotton haven (1550), Wutton haven (1559) and in 1611 Wootton Haven.

Wotton bridge was recorded in 1608, by which time a crossing over Wootton Creek had been made and a tide mill built.

The Parish registers date from 1746 and Andrew's map of 1775 names Fishborn Creek. In the 1790s the island's economy was boosted by the presence of soldiers and sailors during the Napoleonic Wars. There was a need for food, and coal was imported, bringing a transformation of chimney and grate design. Locally the Fernhill estate was established by Thomas Orde, a governor of the island. The house, built between 1790 and 1794, was destroyed by fire in June 1938. [See Appendix, 4d].

Charles Vancouver's survey of agricultural life in 1810 described the large number of cottages built at this period, with large gardens for potatoes and pigs. Ryde was a `boom town' from this time, with about 300 new houses built between 1811 and 1831. Substantial detached square-plan houses were built of stuccoed brick; the sash windows have thin glazing bars and at this time Welsh slate was imported, beginning to replace thatch.

The settled period is also reported to have seen major improvements to roads, including the Wootton High Street circa 1820, part of the important route between Ryde and Newport. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert completed their Italianate Osborne House in 1846, establishing the east side of the island as a fashionable tourist retreat and influencing the architectural style of Victorian houses.

An 1862 sale plan of the Fernhill estate shows that a Mrs Cooper was owner of the adjacent land, on which No.33 High Street was standing.

By 1861 the population of Wootton was 79. A rapidly expanding population is suggested by the construction of a school for 200 children in 1867 although the Wootton population was only 69 in 1871.

A further indicator of the economic importance of Wootton Bridge is the construction in 1875 of the railway link between Ryde St John's and Newport, with a station half a mile south, on Wootton Common. A major industry of the area, brick-making, was begun by Hobbs & Co in 1875.

A description of 1879 (Hill p.478) describes Wootton Bridge: 'a causeway, 905 feet long, crossing the inlet of Fishhouse Creek or Wootton River.' The writer progressed `through the little village of Wootton, on the left Kite Hill, and Fern Hill, and up the steep ascent on our right, above the trees... church and rectory... In the distance ... crests of the Downs, and the rapid alternation of combe and lea and coppice; northward, the hills of Hampshire and their glittering quarries, and the long white terraces of Anglesea, and the brown pastures, dotted with many cottages... ' There is an extensive description of the mill pond with woodland surrounding it and a reference to the fact that the mill used all the water in the shallow pond in a few hours. The long white terraces of Anglesea is thought to be at Gosport.

There was a further period of expansion at the end of the nineteenth century. The school was enlarged to take 250 pupils, in 1900, and in 1909 the church of St Mark was built, (the burial ground is on Wootton Common). The commercial activity of Wootton Bridge, in the parish of Arreton and Binstead, is indicated in Kelly's Directory of 1924: 'Carriers, Charles Salter, Clovelly & Wootton Trading, Co. Ltd; Abell William, grocer; Harry Cooper, baker; Leonard John Souter, miller (water and steam) Wootton Mill.

In 1937 the mill pond was converted into a public amenity area,'the largest boating lake in the south of England' according to a note in the Isle of Wight County Council's Illustrations Collection.

The railway line was closed in 1966.

Section 2

Description of the building

2a. The fabric

(Numbers in brackets refer to the room numbers on the sketch plan, see Appendix4h)

Condition of the building

The building has been unoccupied for several years, the windows were boarded up, and recent internal works include removal of the staircase to first floor, partition walls, and the stacks at attic level. Partitioning for a ground floor toilet and kitchen have also been removed, together with fireplace tiling. Recent removal of plaster allowed some examination of the brick construction of the walls.

Building materials

The house is rendered and lined in imitation of ashlar, but with extensive recovering and repair. The white-painted plaster and cement render may disguise structural alterations, and blocked windows are evident.

The roof is of thin purple-grey Welsh slates.

The brick walling is in Flemish bond on the front, using glazed or vitrified headers to create a diaper pattern, visible where plaster has been removed from the internal ground floor front wall. The bond used gave a strong wall but, with many bricks extending the full width, the potential damp problem was combated by the use of vitrified headers. The bricks examined are 7"x 2", the small dimensions suggesting manufacture at an early phase in the Brick Tax period (1784 - 1850). They were possibly locally made from clay dug on the north side of the High Street. Stone was used as foundation to the walls, and for window sills.

Description of the exterior

Front (north)

Front door of 4 plain panels is not that described in the List description, which was a more typical 6-panel type. It is set in a plain architrave with corner panels. There are half-ball projections in the corner panels, and a moulded cornice over. The side pilasters appear to have been made narrower and do not match the width of the corner panels, suggesting that the doorway may have been widened.

All the windows are boarded up, but are described here as though visible. The front ground floor left is noticeably wider than the others, with a mid twentieth-century casement frame, probably enlarged for bank purposes. The remaining windows have 4x4-pane balanced sashes in moulded surrounds with thin stone sills and flat lintels. The upper floor window lintels reach eaves level.

There is a projecting band at first-floor level, deepened across the centre of the building to carry lettering when bank signage was added in 1949.

Two metal ties are fixed across the vertical crack defining the rebuilt left gable.

A low mid twentieth-century brick boundary wall to front defines a garden area with front path. It returns on the left, and abuts the house wall in line with the original property line, before the attached cottage was demolished circa 1900.

Rear(south)

Doorway slightly right of centre with scar of a shallow porch pitched roof supported on brackets. Original window opening with 16-pane frame to ground floor left and first floor, right (1:4 and 2:3). Narrow landing window (2:5) with blocking below. No original window visible to first floor left (2:4), but a small window only. No evidence of the small addition (a privy?) shown on the 1907 map (see Appendix 4e).

Right return: west gable

Access to the rear garden is along this wall line. A blocked window or possibly a doorway ground floor right, room 1:4. Gable window with 16-pane sash to first floor right, room 2:4.

A 2-light casement window lights the attic.

Left return: east gable

Close to the former Post Office, no.31; viewed from road only.

A much-altered wall, affected by demolition, rebuilding and repair since the attached cottage was demolished between 1896 and 1907. At least five areas of repair can be identified, including two areas of extra wall thickness. Viewed from the front there appears to be a steeply-angled low roof profile which lines up with the eaves level of nos.23 and 25 to the east. Metal strips on the front wall indicate an attempt to tie the demolished cottage wall into the front and rear walls of no.33.

A tall narrow panel of walling, probably of brick, strengthens the left end. Changes in the rendering suggest three further horizontal bands of repair.

Description of the interior

See sketch plan, (Appendix 4h), for room numbering. There are no cellars known in the building, and none shown in the foundation test-holes dug in 2005. The rubble covering the floor prevented close examination.

Level 1: ground floor

1:1 Widened window, this and 1:3 knocked into one room by removal of short partition walls flanking the chimney stack, probably for bank use, 1949. Straight join of rebuilt east gable wall in NE corner. Fireplace blocked.

1:2 Balanced sash window, slim moulded glazing bars, moulded surround; no evidence of shutters. Twentieth-century tiled fireplace. Floor joists visible here and elsewhere as ceiling lath and plaster removed, ten joists roughly cut, some decay.

1:3. No entrance from the central hallway 1:5 , only from the front room. Probably a modification for bank use. Barred window, casement frame for bank use. NE comer partitioned for internal toilet with small ventilator window, mid twentieth century. Straight join in east gable wall, in an area of rebuilding and repair on outside.

1:4 Original window frame; blocked gable opening not visible on inside. Recent and probably original kitchen use; fireplace opening slightly larger than in other rooms. Partitioned SW corner ? store room, walling removed.

1:5 Entrance hall extending through the building, with rear door and stairs. Staircase missing. The two long internal walls are framed with slight studs 2 x 2.5inches, set between floor and ceiling beams and fixed with wooden pegs. Doorways opened from this hallway into front and rear rooms.

Level 2: first floor

All four rooms were heated. No evidence of raised eaves could be seen with certainty on front or rear walls. Good survival of original windows.

Partitions between front and rear walls intact.

2:5 the stair case with closed string has a surviving principal baluster, turned pillar style with roll mouldings to base and cap, finial missing.

Level 3: attic

A single large space with gable end windows; the two four-flue chimney stacks have been demolished to floor level. Plaster ceiling removed to reveal roof structure of four bays with three plain trusses. Two tiers of through purlins, split oak rafters arranged in groups of 6,5,5,6. Long slender braces nailed to the rafters across the two middle bays. Ridges not visible; framework for chimney stacks remain, roofed over.

2b. Architectural plan and style

The frontage

This is a substantial square-plan, four-room house (see Appendix 4h), facing an important routeway.

It is low and wide, of two storeys and 3 bays, the upper window heads reaching up to eaves level. The window proportions are wider than the earlier 12-pane- glazing-bar sashes, a display of wealth by the builder. There is a projecting band two-bricks deep extending across the frontage at first-floor level, dividing the facade horizontally an emphasising the upper floor. The band has been increased in depth between the outer windows, to take lettering for bank signage.

Classical and vernacular features

The entrance architrave is a simplified version of the classical pedimented Georgian surrounds, more typical of the early nineteenth century, with corner bosses popular in fireplace design by the mid nineteenth century. The door was originally 6-panelled, without an overlight. The design reflects both the vernacular proportions of the building (wide and low) and the simpler Greek revival fashion in classical architecture of the 1820s.

Aspect and room use

The warm south-facing rooms are at the rear of the building. Some thought has been given to the possibility that the house may originally have faced south onto the farm land, with service rooms [as is usual in vernacular buildings] on the colder north side. No evidence for such an early arrangement was identified, and service rooms of the twentieth century were on the south side. One can conclude that the prominence of the house on the road-side was of more importance to the builder than convenience of room use.

The plan is, as can be expected from the balanced fa gade, symmetrical. The central entrance opens into a through-passage with principal reception rooms opening off each side. Towards the rear the doorways open into former service rooms, the kitchen and probably a workroom or closet.

The rooms are all similar in size, with a substantial chimney serving back-to-back fireplaces between the front and rear rooms. The 4-flue stacks originally rose through the ridge, and the roof structure is of one build, with no suggestion of alteration. The back-to-back stacks present a different appearance from the usual Georgian arrangement of gable-end stacks, but the arrangement is known from a mid eighteenth-century house, Upper Watchinwell Farmhouse, near Calbourne (see Brinton, p.80), but with an earlier roof form.

When considering what appears to be a simple plan here, of one building phase, it has to be remembered that for much of the period of its use there was a second, earlier cottage standing just to the south, the 'old cottage of the Tithe map. (see history, below). It would have served as service rooms, brewhouse, privy, and storage or have had farm use. This house always appears to have been a separate property from the attached range to east.

Section 3

History

2c. History

Eighteenth and early nineteenth century-before the house was built.

In 1758 a farm known as 'Bulls' on the south side of Wootton High Street was a 20acre copyhold property tenanted by John Hayden. It belonged to the manor of Wootton alias Briddlesford.

In 1775 James Burton sold the manor to William Hearn of Hazeley and Joseph Tarver in equal shares, including the messuage 'late in the occupation of John Hayden'. The name 'Haydens' was attached to the farm and its buildings from the later eighteenth century. The tenement was rated at 3 shillings and 12 shillings for the land, with fields named Old Paddock, Wheat mead, Lower Mead, Hill Ground, wood, a barn and a yard. The land is now occupied by Braman Way and Mary Rose Avenue.

A map of 1810 shows the fields on both sides of the road with no standing buildings; it is clearly in agricultural use. No. 33 therefore post-dates 1810.

The earliest evidence for the building: Cooper family

Hearn and Tarver appear to have sold the Hayden holding to John Cooper, the miller at Wootton Bridge, who died in 1821. The property was held by the Cooper family in the early 1830's, one William Cooper also being a miller.

The 1843 tithe map provides important evidence for John Cooper's farm of about 20 acres, identified as 'Haydens' or 'Bulls' in the apportionment. No. 33 is shown, being a cottage and garden occupied by John Cooper, who also occupied a house and barn elsewhere on the farm. Immediately to the south there was an 'old' cottage and garden, suggesting that a cottage had been built in the field since 1810, but the present building had been erected later, nearer the road. By 1843 no.33 stood at the west end of a row of six attached cottages, each with a rear garden, and possibly all the same size, although the small scale of the plan makes this unclear.

John Cooper 'yeoman' of Haydens died in 1852. His widow Alice remarried and the farm passed to George Moody, dairyman.

'Anglesea Cottage'

The 1862 Ordnance Survey map shows the square footprint of the house with a front path to the road, and named 'Anglesea Cottage. The attached row of cottages to east. A smaller building to south may be the 'old cottage' of the tithe map. The cottage relates to the long field immediately west, ('The Butts' in 1843), with access from the road at the western end, and a path or driveway round the edge of the field. A small building in the south-west corner of the field may have been a stable or barn.

Sale to W.J.Beckingsale

Circa 1860/70 the farm was bought by William Jeffries Beckingsale, probably the Newport solicitor (see Appendix 4c). A valuation made in 1873 was £90 and 5 shillings.

The 1891 Ordnance Survey map shows the cottage, with a front wall and narrow gate to the road, but no path. A boundary had been made through The Butts, reducing the land related to Haydens Cottage by about one third.

The 1896 revision of the Ordnance Survey map is the latest to show Haydens as part of a row of cottages. The gardens, with old cottage and orchards to south, have some boundaries removed.

Sale to Thomas Scott

1898 William Jeffries Beckingsale sold at auction 'all that dairy farm called `Haydens'in the village of Wootton... together with the dwelling house and other buildings erected on part thereof to Thomas Scott. No.33 is likely to have been the `other buildings erected on part thereof. Included with the house were outbuildings, a garden and an orchard, about 17 acres altogether. The price was £700, but one account (Gosden, 1998) states that the 'compact freehold estate... tithe free dairy farm... and valuable building land' sold for £1,725.

Thomas Scott is described as a fanner from Scotland. He divided the land along the roadside into building plots and substantial commercial premises were built by Bertie Tom Luckham along the road each side of Haydens Cottage (see High Street, below).

The 1901 Census has 20 entries for 'High Street' including Haydins (sic) Farm, occupied by Thomas Bradany (the spelling is not clear), fanner and dairyman, with wife Emma, daughter Charlott, a dressmaker, and son Walter. Haydens Cottage is not named- it is possible that the 'farm' title had moved to this house.

A detached house by 1907

The 1907 Ordnance Survey map shows new building work along the High Street in progress. The attached terrace was partly demolished and a pair of semi-detached houses (nos.29 and 31) built. The present substantial detached house (no.35), had been built on the garden to west of Haydens Cottage but no property boundary is shown between the two houses. A small extension had been added to the rear of no. 33, east end, almost linking it to the old cottage in the garden.

In the early twentieth century the farm was leased by Thomas Thorn and Charles Salter. Early photographic records of the area include views of the house and similar building types, dating from about 1900. In 1915 Sarah Lintern was living at the `farmhouse' and rented 16 acres of pasture land.

Twentieth century

1921 Thomas Scott sold 'hereditaments and premises situate at Wootton... known as Hayden's Cottage' to Frederick Cole, a gasfitter of The Lodge, Cambridge Road, East Cowes. The conveyance (see Appendix 4f) refers to the earlier 1898 conveyance by W.J.Beckingsale to Thomas Scott and includes a plan (see Appendix 4g). There is also a reference to the right of way on the west side of the house to the long gardens and orchard. The sale includes the continuation of the 1898 covenant to prevent use of the house as a place of worship, commercial or industrial premises.

The 1939 Ordnance Survey map shows the boundary line between nos. 33 and 35 established. There was access from the High Street on the west side of the house, to the long narrow rear garden to south, where the 1843 'old cottage' remained. The property narrowed to an access to a long paddock running along the southern boundary of the properties to east.

Sale to Lloyds Bank

In 1949 Hayden Cottage was sold by Axel Hilding Eklund, a mariner, to Lloyd's Bank Ltd for £2,250. The deeds refer to the building as 'sometimes known as Haydens Cottage but now known as 'Hayden'. Part of the ground floor was approved for use as a bank. In the same year a strip of land along the front was given up by the Bank 'for the public highway'.

In 1955 the old orchard lying to the south of properties on the east side of the house was sold by the Bank to Mrs W.M. Sorrell.

Circa 1960: a photograph in the Francis Frith Collection (W282040) shows the High Street with No. 33 in use by Lloyds Bank.

The 1971 Ordnance Survey map shows the house standing alone on its long garden plot, the old cottage having been demolished. Angled gates provide access from the road to the rear of nos. 33 and 35.

1972 The Department of the Environment List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historical Interest was issued for the Borough of Newport, Isle of Wight. The List includes several on the High Street, reflecting the importance of pre-Victorian buildings in the area: The Sloop Inn; The Cottage, Mill Square; 'Kenwyn (General Store) and Nos. 5, 5a. and 7, a circa 1700 farmhouse converted to cottages in the mid nineteenth century, when the roof was heightened and slated.

No. 33 was listed as 'a 2-storey late C18 house. Glazing bars intact; band between storeys. Front door of 6 fielded panels in moulded architrave, projecting cornice over'.

In 1989 there was a change of use, from a bank to a pet shop. The shop closed circa 1998.

Section 4

2d. Context and setting: the High Street

The terrace of six cottages shown on the 1843 tithe map stood alone; nos. 25 and 27 may be the surviving west end of the original row. Haydens Cottage was double-fronted, indicating the status of the builder, while the other cottages were perhaps single-window wide.

The land on the northern side of the High Street was occupied by houses on the road edge, with wells and a 'Brick field'.

Thomas Scott, who purchased the Haydens Farm freehold estate in 1898, was responsible for much of the development of the High Street. A condition placed on the sale of part of Haydens Farm (now no. 33) at this time prevented its use as a shop or other commercial use. This condition did not apply to the new buildings put up by Scott.

South side of High Street

Between 1895 and circa 1917 shops and houses were designed and built by B.T.Luckham, undertaker and builder, whose first premises were at No.43, uphill from Hayden's Cottage. Although there are 20 entries for High Street in the 1901 Census it has not been possible to attach an occupier's name to Haydens at this stage in the research.

Between B.T.Luckham's premises at no.43 and no. 33 the following houses with shops below were built:
No.41 [semi-detached with 43]: 'The Library' owned by James Johnson: shoe repairs and book loans, sweets.
Nos 39 and 37 semi-detached pair: William Benson's grocer's shop and Frederick Warner and family's draper's shop by 1910.
No. 35, a substantial double-fronted detached house, was built by Thomas Scott c1903. It was the first new commercial premises- a butcher's shop on the ground floor and substantial living rooms above.

To the east, downhill, no.31, semi-detached with No.29, was built as the Post Office in 1906-8 and stood at the end of a terrace of old cottages which had linked up to the west wall of Haydens. The Post Office was run by George Mew until 1929; there was a sorting shed at the rear.

In 1915-20 Thomas Scott built Hayden Lodge for his own use.

North side of High Street

The houses on the north side of the High Street area generation older, having been built in 1855-61, the land leased by theR.S.Holford as building plots for 1,000 years. It is thought likely that in most cases the builders occupied their own houses, often renting out the adjoining house. The earliest are nos. 42 and 44 (Oak Villas, 1855). The plot to east was built on in 1908, this is the Reading Room, and below them the semi-detached pair nos. 1 and 2 Briar Bank are of the same date. Nos. 24,26 and 28 were built in 1856 as 1,2 and 3 Bay Tree Cottages, 1856 were built by three members of the Osborne family: a cabinet maker, a mariner and a carpenter.

Red Road was made between the former row and E.Mew's grocer's shop of 1890 which was an infill on the land taken for nos.20 and 18 of 1857, built by John Mew, a farmer. In 1906 it was leased for the telephone exchange.

Across New Road Joseph Chappell, a builder, was responsible for nos.16, 14 and 12, 1861.

Section 5

Synopis

The most appropriate name for this building is Haydens Cottage. Tithe map evidence and the 1898/ 1921 sales descriptions indicate that this was not the farmhouse occupied by one John Cooper, but a cottage built by him, part of a speculative development of six cottages, this being probably the largest.

The house was built circa 1825, contemporary with or shortly before an attached row of cottages, facing the newly improved road. The arrangement is typical of the period, when settled times encouraged industrial and agricultural expansion. The proportions, window form and plan suggest a comfortable house built by the owner of Haydens Farm, the Cooper family, who had interests in the mill.

Although the brickwork looks decorative the house may always have been rendered; the earliest photographic evidence indicates that this was the case by the later nineteenth century; in the earlier nineteenth century the smooth white appearance of Portland stone was much imitated.

The high ground outside the industrial centre of Wootton began to be developed as a residential suburb in the 1850s, with small south-facing villas opposite Haydens Cottage, with a source of clay and bricks nearby and reflected in the name 'Red Road'. The south side of the road was in less demand for residential premises, and Hayden's Cottage retained a substantial area of garden, paddock and orchards to south and west when the 1862 Ordnance Survey map was made. The name of the house, `Anglesea Cottage' at that time, reflects the prestigious status of the road emphasised in Hill's 1879 description of the area.

An attempt to continue the residential character of the road is implied in the Beckingsale conveyance, but from 1898 until the first World War there was continuous building work each side of Haydens Cottage as houses and shops were erected. The attached terrace was part demolished and Haydens became a detached property; the east gable wall dating from circa 1905.

Sales conditions prevented its conversion to a shop and probably caused the preservation of the character of the building, as the intensive development of shops and other business premises along the south side of the High Street would probably have resulted in redevelopment otherwise. A change of use came in 1949 with sale of the property to Lloyds Bank. The ground floor was altered, signage, added, and the east front window enlarged. The front garden was reduced as motor traffic increased and the road was widened.

The List description gives a date of the late eighteenth century, but it has been shown here to date from a generation later. The house has considerable local interest, as it is a survivor of the earliest development of this part of Wootton. Although fragmentary the important features such as plan and window form remain.

Appendices

4. Appendices

4a. List description, 1972

[ref SZ 59 SW 14/120A]

`Late eighteenth century. 2-storey stucco. Gable end slate roof, shallow wood eaves cornice. 3 windows, sash, glazing bars intact. Band between storeys. Central recessed door of 6 fielded panels in moulded architrave, projecting cornice over'.

4b.Deeds relating to sale of no.33 High Street and its land

23rd July 1921 Thomas Scott to Frederick Cole
18"' June 1949 A.H.Ecklund to Lloyds Bank Ltd
23rd May 1955 Lloyds Bank Ltd to W. M. Sorrell (land only)

4c. The Beckingsale family

c. The Newport Record Office register of births and deaths lists the burial of one William Jeffries Beckingsale of Merston in 1843, age 67.

? his son, of the same name, of Newport, solicitor. His children were born in 1841, 55 and 56.

WJB, of Fairlee House, Whippingham, had a share in the ownership of Towngate Mill, Newport in 1876. [ELD/87/38/5/24 1922]

4d.The Fernhill Estate

The Fernhill estate was established by Thomas Orde, later Powlett, created Baron Bolton in the 1790s; a Governor of the Isle of Wight. The house, built between 1790 and 1794, was destroyed by fire in June 1938. It was designed in the popular Gothic Revival style, possibly by James Wyatt, with landscaped grounds and a 'druids' temple'. In 1804 it was sold to Samuel Shute who made estate improvements and died in 1806. A guide book was published in 1808. In 1813, during a period of political unrest on the island, it was bought by John Hambrough who owned other properties on the mainland. A more settled period of occupation followed in 1819, when it was sold to Samuel Sanders of Lambeth who farmed 290 acres until his death in 1859. In 1862 the Fernhill estate was sold to Joseph Galt, a director of the Portsmouth and Ryde United Steam Packet Company. In 1880 Fernhill was sold again, to Frederick Brodie, married to Anna Walter, daughter of the founder of The Times. Frederick Brodie died in 1933 and the house sold to developers A. Whatley and H.Cooper, who planned to divide it into smaller houses.

4e. Maps consulted

1810: One-inch scale survey; `Wooton' (sic). Newport Record Office. Fields on the south side of the road, no buildings.

1841 Tithe map of Arreton parish surveyed by F.& H.E.Drayson. Poor condition, not copied. John Cooper was owner and occupier of:
house and yard; barn and yard; pond and road; old paddock; wood; Wheat ash; Old Barn Close; Long Butt; two orchards; The Butt; a cottage and garden; old cottage and garden.. The numbering indicates that no.33 is on the plot of ground described as 'a cottage and garden' and 'old cottage and garden'. The old cottage and garden was then occupied by Ann Furnidge.
Ordnance Survey, County Series 1:2500 scale, 1862- see copy
O.S. County Series 1:2500 scale, 1891- see copy
O.S. County Series 1:2500 scale, 1896- see copy
O.S. County Series 1:2500 scale, 1907- see copy

4L Hayden's Cottage Conveyance 1921

Conveyance of the hereditaments and premises situate at Wootton in the Isle of Wight, known as 'Hayden's Cottage'. Dated 23d July 1921. Mr Thomas Scott, farmer (the Vendor) to Mr Frederick Cole (the Purchaser) of the Lodge, Cambridge Road, East Cowes, gas fitter.

`Whereas by an Indenture of Conveyance dated the twentyfirst day of November one thousand eight hundred and ninety eight and made between William Jefferies Beckingsale of the one part and the Vendor of the other part all that Dairy Farm called `Haydens' situate in the village of Wootton in the parish of Arreton in the said I of W together with the dwelling house and other buildings erected on part thereof and the orchard and garden adjoining thereto and also all those five closes of pasture land containing together seventeen acres or thereabouts adjoining the said farmhouse and also all those tithes and other benefits issuing out of the same all which said farm and lands were more particularly delineated in the plan endorsed thereon and surrounded by a pink verge line (and which farm and lands the hereditaments hereinafter described and conveyed form part) were conveyed to the said Vendor his heirs and assigns in fee simple And whereas the Vendor has agreed with the Purchaser for the sale to him of the hereditaments and premises hereinafter described and intended to be hereby conveyed and the inheritance thereof in fee simple in possession free from incumbrances but subject to the restrictive covenants hereinafter contained at the price of Seven hundred pounds Now this Indenture witnesseth that in pursuance of the said agreement and in consideration of the sum of Seven hundred pounds paid by the Purchaser to the Vendor on or before the execution of these presents (the receipt thereof the Vendor hereby acknowledges) the Vendor as Beneficial Owner hereby conveys unto the Purchaser All That piece or parcel of land being part of the land and hereditaments comprised in and conveyed by the hereinbefore ... Indenture of Conveyance of the twenty-first day of November 1898 and more particularly delineated and described on and by the plan drawn in these presents and thereon colored pink Together with the dwelling house and other buildings erected thereon And together also with the right of way over the half of the pathway shewn on the said plan on the west side of the land hereby conveyed ... is retained by the Vendor to Hold ... and to the use of the Purchaser in fee simple... and Subject to a right of way for the Vendor and tenants and occupiers of the land to the west of the land hereby conveyed over half the said pathway hereby conveyed And the Purchaser for himself his heirs and assigns hereby convenant with the Vendor that he will not at any time suffer the premises hereby conveyed or any buildings to be erected thereon to be used as a place of religious worship of any description or as a hotel inn beershop victualling house eating house or as a slaughter house foundry limekiln brick-kiln ... grinding mill or carry on the business of a butcher, grocer draper confectioner shoemaker or hairdresser nor do or suffer any act which shall be ... in annoyance to the tenants or occupiers of the adjoining lands And the Vendor hereby acknowledges the right of the Purchaser to production and delivery of copies of the hereinbefore recited Indenture of conveyance of the 21 s t day of November one thousand eight hundred and ninety eight. In Witness thereof the said parties to these presents have hereunto set their hands and seals the day and year first before written.

Signed by Thomas Scott and Frederick Cole in presence of John Robinson, solicitor, Ryde'.

Maps and Diagrams


Ordnance survey map of Wootton 1862

Ordnance survey map of Wootton, 1862

Ordnance survey map of Wootton, 1891

Ordnance survey map of Wootton, 1891

Ordnance Survey map, 1896

Ordnance survey map of Wootton, 1896

Ordnance Survey map, 1907

Ordnance survey map of Wootton, 1907

Plan of house and land 1898-1921

Plan of house and land 1898-1921

Appendix 4i. Isle of Wight Historic Buildings Record

Isle of Wight Historic Buildings Record 21 March 2006

Record Number 14359 Listed Building Grade LB 11 33 High Street (formerly Lloyds Bank), Wootton Bridge
SZ 54486 91976 to 10 figs

Civil Parish Wootton 19th century parish Arretton Period From To Evidence Classification Post medieval 1750 1800 Building - roofed Shop Plan: 2 storey

Walling: Unknown Stucco Cornice

Roof: Slate - thin

Window Sash - vertical sliding

Notes and references:

Late C18. 2 storey stucco. Gable end slate roof, shallow wood eaves cornice. 3 windows, sash, glazing bars intact. Band between storeys. Central recessed door of 6 fielded panels in moulded architrave, projecting cornice over.

List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest: Borough of Newport, DOE 1 February 1972, p.59 SZ59SW 14/102A

5. Sources used in the compilation of this report

M.Brinton et al, Farmhouses and Cottages of the Isle of Wight, County Archaeological Unit, 1986. (Buildings record, see Appendix 41).
Census returns 1901, 1871
R.Cook, Isle of Wight Living Memories- photographs from the Francis Frith Collection. [www.francisfrith.co.uk]
H.Gosden, A History of Wootton Bridge, Volume II, the High Street. 1998
Hill's Directory of the Isle of Wight, 1879
Isle of Wight County Archaeology and Historic Environment Service, Historic Buildings Record.
Isle of Wight County Council Illustrations Collection, c 1900: WOOT015; 016; 018 J.Jones, Castles to Cottages, Dovecote Press, 2000
Kelly's Directory of the Isle of Wight, 1902, 1924
A.D.Mills, Place names of the Isle of Wight
Minutes of the Wootton Bridge Highways Committee 1758-1843 ). Newport Record Office
Roy Brinton, pers comm. Bob Longton, pers comm.
Richard Snout, County Record Office, pers.comm
Joy Verrinder, pers. comm.

The Future

The current situation

33 High Street was sold in 2009 and the property is currently being converted into housing.

This page will be up-dated shortly.

If you have any other information or pictures when the building was a bank please Contact Us.

Contact Us

How to Contact Us

Wootton Bridge Historical welcomes your feedback, please use the contact form below.

*(denotes required field)
Please enter your E-mail Address a second time.